In the chapter of “Religion, Spirituality, and Well-Being” in Positive Psychology
, Compton and Hoffman (2013) described contentment as “another understudied sacred emotion” (p. 241). Indeed, the rigorous study of psychology through a more progressive lens of human strengths has only begun to take form around the turn of the 21st century. The study of religion as part of this discourse, therefore, is still in its infancy; however, it remains an important aspect of the human psyche to be examined because it has been shown that “in survey after survey, actively religious people have reported markedly greater happiness and somewhat greater life satisfaction than their irreligious counterparts” (Myers, 2008, p. 324). Compton and Hoffman (2013) further analysed that one of the virtue religion has on an individual’s well-being is the social structure that it provides through the camaraderie with others who hold a common worldview. Furthermore, they added that a unique differentiating feature of social support based on a religion is the conviction that the most elemental form of providence is fundamental with God (Compton & Hoffman, 2013, p. 233). However, in studying the psychological significance of religion, there has not been much representation of Islam in the literature as compared to more popular forms of religion practised in the West. This is despite the projected change in the world’s religious demographics where Muslims are expected to constitute the most populous group in a matter of a few decades (Lipka & Hackett, 2017). Therefore, it is becoming imperative to look at Islam particularly in the ways it influences the welfare of the human psyche through its societal constructs.